Antihypertensive drugs

 

The names and the side effects of the drugs used to treat hypertension, or increased blood pressure, are listed below. Hypertension may be a side effect of tacrolimus (Prograf®) and of prednisone. As your child generally does not show any symptom of hypertension, it is important to take his blood pressure twice daily before administering him any drug used for the treatment of hypertension. We will give you all information you need to be able to determine whether the blood pressure may be deemed increased. When your child’s blood pressure exceeds the range indicated by the transplant team, you must inform the transplant physician. Remember to record the blood pressure values in a notebook and to always bring this data with you to the hospital or your physician.

 

NORVASC® (AMLODIPINE), ADALAT® (NIFEDIPINE), RENITEN® (ENALAPRIL)

Amlodipine and nifedipine are calcium antagonists that are used in the treatment of hypertension. The side effects include in particular:

  • hypotension (low blood pressure)
  • vertigo
  • oedema (swelling).

Enalapril belongs to the family of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, a molecule participating in the regulation of blood pressure. It also counts among the drugs used for the regulation of blood pressure, in particular if your child has proteinuria.

 

LASIX® (FUROSEMIDE)

Furosemide is a diuretic. It helps eliminate excessive fluid in the organism by stimulating micturition (act of urination). This may contribute to lower blood pressure. The side effects include in particular:

  • muscle cramps
  • headache
  • sensitivity to sunlight.

Your child must avoid direct exposure to sunlight, by putting sunscreen on his skin or by wearing clothes that completely cover his skin.