Nutrition and Hygiene

 

NUTRITION

It is very important to have a good nutritional state before and after a liver transplant. A good nutrition or the improvement of the nutritional state before a liver transplant may promote recovery and healing after the graft. A good nutrition may also improve the general state of health.

The transplant team’s dietician is available to give advice with respect to nutrition. He can make recommendations to improve and maintain your child’s nutritional state. The dietician may ensure that your child sticks to a diet appropriate to his age and comprising a large variety of food items of all food groups (starches, vegetables, fruit, milk and meat). He can also help your child when he is fed by tube and/or intravenously. Our team of dieticians know the subtleties of the needs of children with liver disorders very well.

The drugs that your child must take to prevent rejection after a liver transplant increase the risk of developing diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and cardiopathies and may cause excessive weight gains or losses. The dietician may give instructions and written information to reduce the risk of these complications.

 

DIET RECOMMENDATIONS AFTER A LIVER TRANSPLANT

General Advice for Food Hygiene

  • Raw meat, raw fish and raw eggs are forbidden during the 3 first months after transplantation.
  • All the pasteurized cheeses are allowed (Gruyère, Vacherin, Emmental, Babybel, Camembert), including those containing raw milk.
  • All the drinks must be pasteurized or UHT.
  • Grapefruit (fruit, juice, mix of juices) is forbidden because it is not compatible with tacrolimus or cyclosporine intake.

Hygiene and Preparation

  •  Conservation, preparation and cooking of food must be done in « clean conditions »: fridge regularly washed, ustensils and dishes thoroughly washed with hot water and detergent, clean counter top.
  • Wash your hands before cooking.
  • Prepare small amounts of food to avoid surplus, and cook well all the food items.
  • Use any cooked food, baby jar and opened packaging within 24 to 48 hours and store it in the fridge.
  • Store fresh or cooked food in the frigde and make sure that you eat it as quickly as possible.
  • Frozen food must be cooked without preliminary defrosting. Never re-freeze a defrosted food.
  • Check the best-before dates of food products.
  • During purchase, pack the fresh food and carry it in an isolating bag to avoid breaking the cold chain.